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Support and Resistance is one of the most familiar and most used concepts among technical analysts.

Support and resistance zones are very important in Forex trading, newbies often misidentify support and resistance zones or don’t know which areas are really important.

You are watching: Support Resistance

You will learn more about this lesson.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

2. How to identify support and resistance zones3. How to identify potential support and resistance zones 4. Notes on support and resistance5. Ways to trade with support and resistance

1. What is support and resistance?

Support and resistance are past price zones where price reversed or slowed down before resuming the trend, and that behavior is likely to repeat in the future.

The fact that price action will repeat is one of the two views of the School of Technical Analysis.

A support level is a price zone where investors expect the price to move higher. Here buying pressure prevails over selling pressure. Most investors will buy when the price enters the support level. Resistance is the area where investors expect the price to fall lower. Here selling pressure prevailed over buying pressure. Most investors will sell when the price enters a resistance level.

Here is an example of support and resistance:

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In the example is a market simulation in an uptrend.

When prices go up and down corrections, the highest high reached before the price resumes the uptrend is called the resistance zone. When the price continues to rise again after the correction, the lowest low is reached before the price. The correction back is called the support zone.

When the market is in an uptrend, continuous support and resistance areas are formed as the market fluctuates over time. Similar to the market in a downtrend.

2. How to identify support and resistance zones

2.1. Support and resistance is the price zone

Support and resistance are price zones, not a specific price level, so many traders misidentify support and resistance levels, thereby making wrong trading decisions.

For simplicity when determining support and resistance levels, take the price area of ​​the candle shadow as the support and resistance area. If the high/low area has many candles, it is possible to take the price range between the highest/lowest price and the last open/close price.

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At the top, the resistance area will be the price range between the high and the open/close price. At the bottom, the support zone is the price range between the low and the open/close price.

Review the lesson on Japanese candlestick structure here.

Example XAUUSD frame D1:

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2.2. Use line charts to draw support and resistance

If you find it difficult to identify support and resistance levels in the above way, you can use a very good trick, which is to convert the candlestick chart to a line chart (Line chart). all points closed together. Since it has only one line, it will be easier for you to see during periods of market sweeps. Looking at the example image below, you can plot your support and resistance around the areas where you are. It’s a lot easier to see peaks and troughs than a candlestick chart.

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You will wonder “what if I am using candlestick charts for analysis and have to switch to line charts to draw support and resistance, how inconvenient will it be”

Right!

For professional traders, support and resistance areas are drawn very easily on the candlestick chart, nothing too difficult, sometimes I don’t even need to show them on the chart because just “look is see”.

And if you are new to the market, I recommend you practice drawing support and resistance on the line chart first and then practice drawing them on the candlestick chart.

3. How to identify potential support and resistance zones

When you first learn to identify support and resistance levels, you will see that there are many support and resistance levels, you will be confused as to which area is the POTENTIAL area to trade.

There are 2 types of support and resistance areas that you should focus more on when trading, they are:

3.1. Support and resistance zone around current price

Of the many support and resistance zones, you should focus on the support and resistance areas around the current price because these are the areas the price will reach the earliest.

When I first started trading, I drew a lot of support and resistance areas on the chart, plotting them in an intricate way. Then I understood why draw resistance areas too high if nearby resistance hasn’t been broken yet?

Here is an example of how to draw simple support and resistance.

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The example above with the XAUUSD pair in the D1 frame, you only need to draw the 3 nearest important support and resistance areas that I have marked “Should draw”.

The support and resistance levels marked with red horizontal lines are not so important and further confuse your chart. Not to mention that you will have to add other technical analysis tools to the chart to aid in trading!

3.2. Right time frame support resistance zone

Identifying support and resistance on the wrong timeframe leads to irrational trading ideas.

In addition to drawing support and resistance levels, this is also a mistake many newcomers make. I will explain and guide you in detail.

Looking at any timeframe chart, draw only that timeframe’s support and resistance!

Back to the D1 frame Gold example. When looking at D1, you can draw support and resistance zones as shown below:

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However if you open the H4 time frame, you will have to redraw the support and resistance areas on the H4 frame as shown below:

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Identifying support and resistance in the right trading frame will help you get the right trading idea.

4. Notes on Support and Resistance

4.1. Support and resistance will be stronger if the price often reacts there

The more often the price tests a resistance without breaking it, the stronger that resistance area is said to be (which doesn’t mean it won’t), and vice versa for support.

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Let’s see an example of what a strong resistance area looks like with the GBPUSD H4 bracket:

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When a strong resistance is broken, the strength of the break is proportional to the strength of that resistance. In other words, the stronger the resistance, the stronger the price increase when it is broken. And vice versa for support.

Let’s see an example of strong resistance broken with USDJPY H4 bracket:

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4.2. Support becomes resistance when broken, and vice versa

When price breaks support then that support becomes resistance in the future when price turns back, and vice versa with resistance.

Take a look at the D1 frame EURUSD pair for example:

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As you can see in the example, the resistance area was broken twice, then it became very good support when the price turned around.

The fact that resistance becomes support when broken is very basic but also has certain effects when applied to trading.

4.3. When is support and resistance considered broken?

Sometimes you’ll see a support or resistance break, but soon you find out that the market is just “testing” that area.

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Example EURUSD pair on frame D1:

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When you observe the price action of EURUSD in frame D1 as shown, you have identified a strong resistance level and decided to BUY when the price breaks this resistance. When a strong bullish D1 candle (marked on the picture) breaks through the resistance, you immediately execute a BUY order.

As a result, you have seen, at the end of the trading day, overwhelming selling pressure pushed the price down sharply, leading to the closing price of the trading day (candle closing price D1) below the resistance area.

SO WHEN IS SUPPORT AND RESISTANCE BEEN BREAKED?

The answer is WHEN the CANDLE CLOSE price crosses the SUPPORT RESISTANCE! This is very important when commenting on whether support or resistance has been broken or not.

If you trade above the D1 frame, you will need to wait for the D1 candle to close above that resistance. If you trade on the H4 frame, you need to wait for the H4 candle to close above the H4 resistance…

5. Ways to trade with support and resistance

#1: Place an order at support and resistance

As the title clearly states, it is to place a Buy/Buy limit order right at the support and place a Sell/Sell limit order right at the resistance.

Example XAUUSD frame D1:

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On the D1 frame, you determine the support and resistance area of ​​XAUUSD as shown in the picture, you have the idea to BUY when the price reaches support and SELL when the price rises to meet resistance.

The first order, BUY at support, this is a correct order. Second order, SELL at resistance, this is also a correct order. The third order, BUY at support again, this is a losing order.

Why did you repeat the same BUY order as last time and lose this time?

Because you are simply placing orders at support and resistance without using any “support” from other tools, from other signals. This makes placing a BUY order at support more like “hoping it will go up”.

In addition, placing orders right away also has a drawback you will often encounter that is SCANNING STOP LOSS (to set Stop loss more effectively, please refer to this article). Support and resistance still works well, but the candle shadow swept past support and resistance and then reversed, turning an order that should have won into a loser.

The fact that the order is scanned for Stop loss in some cases is due to unreputable brokers, to avoid that, please refer to reputable exchanges such as ICMarkets, XM, Tickmill, …

Maybe you know the above, but you don’t know how to do it better, right?

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I will show you how to increase the probability of winning, stay tuned.

#2. Waiting for a reversal signal at support and resistance

What is the reversal signal you need to wait for at the support and resistance zone?

There are many “types” of reversal signals, depending on the perspective of each person. It can be a trendline breakout signal or a price channel, a reversal signal of Moving Average, MACD, RSI… But the reversal signal I trust the most is a reversal signal through REVERSE CANDLES. There are 3 main reasons for this:

firstly, the reversal candlestick signal at support and resistance is a QUALITY signal second, the reversal candlestick signal appeared quite early, helping us not to miss a third opportunity, having a clear Stop loss position. is right above the candlestick pattern.

Example D1 frame USDCAD pair:

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On the D1 frame, USDCAD is in an uptrend. USDCAD had a strong decline then rose back to the old peak – the resistance zone. You will not know if the price will turn around at the old high or break the peak to continue the uptrend.

You wait for the reaction at the resistance area and see the Evening Star bearish reversal candlestick pattern appear. You decide to place a SELL order as soon as the reversal candlestick pattern is completed and place a Stop loss on the top of that candlestick pattern.

Here is the result of the wait:

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You see, instead of betting a little on luck like #1. Method #2 helps you increase the probability significantly when using the reversal candlestick pattern at the support and resistance area.

#3. Place orders as soon as support and resistance is broken

This way, you place an order as soon as you notice the break of the support and resistance area. That is, place a Sell/Sell stop order when the support is broken, and a Buy/Buy stop order when the resistance is broken.

Example GBPUSD pair H4 frame:

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You identify the GBPUSD resistance area on H4 and will Buy when the price breaks through this resistance (or place a Buy stop above the resistance area). This way of trading has a huge disadvantage that you will not have an exact Stop loss position, but you can only estimate a certain amount of Stop loss below the broken resistance area.

Newbies often use this method #3 when the price breaks through support and resistance, there is a descriptive term for this way of trading is FOMO (Fear Of Missing Out). .

To effectively trade when price breaks support and resistance, I recommend using the following #4.

#4. Wait for the price to return to the broken support and resistance

You already know that when resistance is broken, it becomes support, and vice versa. So you wait for that support and resistance area to be clearly broken and look for opportunities when the price returns to that area (called a retest).

When the price returns to the recently broken support or resistance area, simply trading is the #1 and #2 you learned above. And you know how to use it, right?

Going back to the GBPUSD example in method #3:

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Usually when support and resistance is broken, the price will retest, so entering the #4 way will be much “faster” than the #3.

summary

Support and resistance are past price zones where price reversed or slowed down before resuming the trend, and that behavior is likely to repeat in the future.

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Support and resistance is a price area, not a specific price level.

Of the many support and resistance zones, you should focus on the support and resistance areas around the current price because these are the areas the price will reach the earliest.

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